Development: Possible Nations

Benjamin Zachariah

in Developing India

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780195670585
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081639 | DOI:
Development: Possible Nations

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This chapter deals with ideas of ‘development’ which were encompassed within the framework of mainstream Indian nationalism, that is those ideas which came to be generally acceptable at a national as opposed to a regional or local level. This principle of selection mainly privileges the views of intellectuals close to the Congress, but not exclusively so. It is shown that although the language in the 1930s was a peculiarly inter-War one, it was grafted on to intellectual currents and concerns emanating from within India, incorporating within itself nineteenth and early twentieth century debates, and adapting them to the new context. The chapter also analyses the ideas of ‘science’, economic and political ‘socialism’, and of ‘national discipline’, their intellectual antecedents, and the concerns and anxieties which drove them.

Keywords: Indian nationalism; Congress; science; socialism; national discipline

Chapter.  36056 words. 

Subjects: Economic History

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