Chapter

The Settlement and Administration of the South

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9780195670608
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081806 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0005
The Settlement and Administration of the South

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This chapter describes the development of an administration in southern Bhutan where Nepali migrants settled first in Samchi and Sibsu in its southwestern corner. The author details how the ‘Nepalese’ moved into that part of Bhutan from which the ‘Bhutanese’ were almost totally absent, except as seasonal visitors. The author discusses the existence of ‘an ethnic boundary’ beyond which Nepali immigrants were not permitted to settle. For the Nepali, the authority figure was the village or block headman known as mandal whose job was to collect taxes and register all titles to land. The Tax discrimination between the Nepalis and Bhutanese is described. The author concludes by discussing the introduction (1962) of remunerated compulsory labour as tax known as the Druk Dom, and the role of the mandal in both coordinating the Nepali payment of labour tax and ensuring that this was done on an equitable basis.

Keywords: southern Bhutan; Nepali settlers; administration; Dorje family; Mandal; Bhutanese; labour tax; Druk Dom

Chapter.  10504 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Migration Studies

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