The Changing Bases of Subjecthood

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9780195670608
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081806 | DOI:
The Changing Bases of Subjecthood

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This chapter points to two changes which occurred in the mid twentieth century in the relationship ‘ethnic Nepalis’ and the states in which they resided. British records show that, during the 1930s, the Government of Nepal attempted numerous initiatives to sustain the allegiance of Nepali raiyats (farmers/cultivators) living outside its borders, and also to encourage such people to return to newly-cleared land in the Tarai region. In the light of the Akhal Singh case, the Bhutanese government began to appreciate the contribution of Nepali agriculturists and a ‘Bhutan Durbar’ was set up to introduce naturalization certificates for settled Nepali foreigners or new settlers. Residence and an attachment to the land were the main criteria for such nationality, and their emigration was highly undesirable. Half a century on, both governments were to take a very different view.

Keywords: Government of Nepal; Akhal Singh; Bhutan Durbar; raiyats; nationality; British records

Chapter.  3967 words. 

Subjects: Migration Studies

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