Chapter

Right Against Economic Exploitation—Child Labour

Asha Bajpai

in Child Rights in India

Second edition

Published in print September 2006 | ISBN: 9780195670820
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082117 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670820.003.0004
Right Against Economic Exploitation—Child Labour

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This chapter describes the rights against child labour. Any kind of work that places a child at risk is child labour. Poverty, parental illiteracy and ignorance, the tradition of making children learn family skills, absence of universal compulsory primary education, non-availability of and non-accessibility to schools, and apathy of trade unions are some of the causes that result in child labour. Legislation to control and regulate child labour has existed in India for several decades. The National Policy on Child Labour is a landmark endeavour towards the progressive elimination of child labour in India. Laws that offer legal protection to bonded child labourers have been reported in this chapter. Moreover, some significant court rulings linked to bonded child labour have also been covered. It is clear that any programme of eliminating child labour has to provide reasonable alternatives for the child workers it ousts out of the workplace they had entered due to extreme poverty.

Keywords: child labour; legislation; India; National Policy on Child Labour; court rulings; child workers; poverty

Chapter.  21720 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration

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