Chapter

Right to Survival: Health, Nutrition, and Shelter

Asha Bajpai

in Child Rights in India

Second edition

Published in print September 2006 | ISBN: 9780195670820
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082117 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670820.003.0008
Right to Survival: Health, Nutrition, and Shelter

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This chapter investigates the right to survival of a child, focusing on health, nutrition and shelter. The provision of health care services is the responsibility of the State governments. Abortion led by sex determination is totally illegal and a criminal act on the part of the doctor. The parliament of India recently approved the amendments to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971 and the Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulations and Prevention of Misuse) Act 1994. Parliament's approval of these bills is a positive step but it has to be balanced by covering the social and cultural biases against the girl child and enhancing her status. Several childcare programmes for enhancing the health status of children are being enforced. Children are the worst influenced because of lack of housing policy. There is a need to advocate and campaign for a comprehensive people's bill of housing rights with the perspective of child rights.

Keywords: health care services; abortion; sex determination; Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971; Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act (Regulations and Prevention of Misuse) 1994; housing policy; child rights; nutrition

Chapter.  24081 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration

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