Vinay Lal

in The History of History

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780195672442
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081929 | DOI:

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When the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its allies lost in the election of 2004, it marked a significant development in Indian politics and a shining moment in Indian democracy. The elections of 2004 were also a supreme moment in India's modern history, given the concerns about India's purported decline into ‘fascism’. These concerns were greatly precipitated by the destruction of the Babri Masjid mosque in 1992, and are invariably revived by events such as the brutal killings of Muslims in Gujarat. Institutions ranging from the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute to the Indian Council of Historical Research are said to have been savaged by fascists. There has been a longstanding debate on how far militant Hindu nationalism can be assimilated to fascism, but everyone seems to agree that, at least before the elections of mid-2004, much of India was falling into an extreme and violent form of chauvinist Hinduism.

Keywords: Bharatiya Janata Party; elections; India; history; politics; fascism; nationalism; Hinduism; Babri Masjid; democracy

Chapter.  6702 words. 

Subjects: Methods and Historiography

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