Chapter

Introduction

Rita Brara

in Shifting Landscapes

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195673012
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081813 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673012.003.0001
Introduction

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This chapter attempts to understand the representations of the village and village commons as the ongoing social production of residents and outsiders. There are two types of ownership in relation to land in India: (i) ownership that arose from the conquest of territory; and (ii) ownership that developed from the first clearance of land. It reviews the emergence of agricultural organization in the village and investigates that which is subjugated or marginalized—namely, the discourse and practices in relation to the commons, taking ‘practice’ to be ‘a temporally unfolding and spatially dispersed nexus of doings and sayings’. Common pastoral resources and watering points enabled the inhabitants of rainfall-scarce regions in Rajasthan to engage a mix of animal-rearing and crop husbandry. The tracts of land identified as village common pastures have multiple uses that co-exist with grazing. These aspects underlie the understanding of village commons right through this book.

Keywords: village; ownership; land; Rajasthan; agricultural organization; pastures; crop husbandry

Chapter.  8765 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Sociology

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