Chapter

From the Pacifist Sikh to the Militant Khalsa

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs

Second edition

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780195673081
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080601 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.003.0005
From the Pacifist Sikh to the Militant Khalsa

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This chapter examines the transition from the pacifist Sikh to the militant Khalsa. It provides a detailed account of Tegh Bahadur's son, Gobind Singh, and his efforts against the Mughals. Prior to becoming a formidable guru of the Sikhs, Singh had a classical education and learned of Guru Arjun's martyrdom and how Hargobind avenged his father's death. Singh made it his mission to destroy evil and sin and to uphold the right. Although he believed in using peaceful methods to settle such matters, he also considered using force when needed. The chapter covers Singh's battles in Bhangani and Nandaun, as well as the baptismal ceremony he conducted in Anandpur. Singh introduced a slightly new Sikhism, where he condemned evil and the punishment of transgressors, and founded the Khalsa Panth.

Keywords: Gobind Singh; Bhangani; Nandaun; baptismal ceremony; Khalsa Panth; Anandpur; Guru Arjun's martyrdom

Chapter.  8458 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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