The Rise and Fall of Banda Bahadur

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs

Second edition

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780195673081
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080601 | DOI:
The Rise and Fall of Banda Bahadur

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This chapter provides a detailed account of the rise and fall of Banda Bahadur, who was tasked by Gobind Singh to punish those who had persecuted the Sikhs and killed his sons. It first looks at the peasant upsurge that occurred in eastern Punjab. This revolt soon spread, covering Sutlej and the whole of Majha. The armies formed by the peasants travelled from the plains to the hills, and the Mughal officials did everything they could to stop this surge. It was only when the Emperor ordered a massive army to march against the peasants were they defeated them at Amingarh. The third section in this chapter focuses on Banda Bahadur's final stand at Gurdaspur Nangal, which led to his defeat and eventual capture. He was executed near the tomb of Bahadur Shah, along with his son, five commanders, and a group of Sikh prisoners.

Keywords: Banda Bahadur; Gobind Singh; peasant upsurge; eastern Punjab; Mughal officials; Amingarh; Gurdaspur Nangal

Chapter.  6712 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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