Chapter

British Annexation of Malwa: Treaty of Lahore, 1809

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs

Second edition

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780195673081
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080601 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.003.0013
British Annexation of Malwa: Treaty of Lahore, 1809

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This chapter studies the British annexation of Malwa and the Treaty of Lahore, which was created in1809. Prior to this the discussion reveals that the British controlled most of India, save for Sindh and the Punjab. The discussion addresses two major problems, which was the drawing up of the frontier along with the English and the integration of Malwa. It looks at the meeting of the Malwai chiefs, Maharajah Ranjit Singh, and the British mission, Lord Charles Metcalfe. It shows that the Malwai chiefs played off the Durbar and the British against each other, although the Durbar reluctantly agreed to help the British against the French invasion. The chapter also reveals that the various drafts of treaties that were offered to the Durbar helped prevent a full-scale war. The Treaty of Lahore, however, prevented the development of a unified Punjab, and allowed the British to thwart the Durbar's attempts against the Sindh.

Keywords: British annexation of Malwa; Treaty of Lahore; integration of Malwa; Malwai chiefs; Maharajah Ranjit Singh; British mission; Lord Charles Metcalfe; Durbar; unified Punjab

Chapter.  4873 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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