Chapter

Fatal Miscalculation<sup>1</sup>

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs

Second edition

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780195673098
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080595 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.003.0021
Fatal Miscalculation1

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This chapter studies the efforts of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her proposed course of action against the Akalis and Bhindranwale. Her first plan was an assault on the citadel where the Akalis were based. It then tries to identify the people who served as the Prime Minister’s counsel for this particular decision, since this first round of armed confrontation led to the deaths of eleven men and dozens of wounded civilians. The second attempt involved the removal of Babbar Khalsa snipers by powerful mountain guns, and was followed by a full assault into the Golden Temple. This armed confrontation was dubbed Operation Blue Star and, along with Operation Woodrose, helped create feelings of alienation and encourage many young Sikh men and women to become terrorists.

Keywords: Indira Gandhi; Akalis; Bhindranwale; armed confrontation; Golden Temple; Operation Blue Star; Operation Woodrose; alienation; terrorists

Chapter.  8479 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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