Chapter

Raising the Banner of Hinduism in Colonial India

Leah Renold

in A Hindu Education

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195674835
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081493 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195674835.003.0001
Raising the Banner of Hinduism in Colonial India

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This chapter traces the establishment of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), which was to serve as an experiment in Hindu education, and even helped in the revival of Hinduism. The discussion views the school within the broader context of a movement to promote Hindu identity. This movement served as a response to Christianity's monolithic claims, to the colonial situation, and as a way to political power. It then examines the attitudes of the West about Hinduism during the colonial period, and considers Indians' reactions towards the colonial perceptions of Hinduism. This chapter also takes a look at some reform movements, identifies several notable individuals such as Pandit Malaviya and Annie Besant and their roles in the renewal of Hinduism, and examines their various educational efforts.

Keywords: Banaras Hindu University; Hindu education; Hinduism; Hindu identity; Christianity; Western attitudes to India; colonial perceptions; reform movements; Annie Besant; Madan Mohan Malaviya

Chapter.  8460 words. 

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