Chapter

A Leap in the Dark: The Chartering of Hindu and Muslim Universities

Leah Renold

in A Hindu Education

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195674835
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081493 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195674835.003.0002
A Leap in the Dark: The Chartering of Hindu and Muslim Universities

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This chapter records the creation of the BHU and the Aligarh Muslim University. It shows that the almost immediate rise of these two universities served as an important moment for the evolution of Indian nationalism and religious/ethnic identity. It describes Syed Ahmed Khan's efforts to set up a Muslim Anglo-Oriental (MAO) College with the view of helping Muslims reach top bureaucratic positions within the British government. Other voices, like that of Mohamed Ali's, argued for Muslim control. They believed that Muslims could rise only through a strengthening of Muslim ideals. The final section of the chapter closely examines the movement for the creation of the Hindu University where, Pandit Malaviya proposed, the students would be taught both Western and Indian knowledge.

Keywords: Indian nationalism; Muslim university; Hindu university; British support; Western education; Syed Ahmed Khan; Mohamed Ali; Muslim Anglo-Oriental College (MAO College); Aligarh Muslim University; Banaras Hindu University

Chapter.  14915 words. 

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