Chapter

Jñāna Yoga

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780195676389
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081974 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0016
Jñāna Yoga

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Ramana Maharsi (1879–1950) is credited for simplifying the path of knowledge in modern Hinduism. This point can be made by taking a look at the locus classicus of the path of knowledge in classical Hinduism, namely, Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad (IV.5.6): Ātmā va are drasṭavyah Śrotavyo mantavyo nididhyâsitavyah— ‘Verity the Self is to be seen, to be heard, to be reflected on, to be meditated upon’. Based on the classical Hindu understanding of this passage, it spells out the various stages of self-realization through the path of knowledge. According to the Bhāmati school of Advaita Vedānta, this involves three stages: audition, reflection, and meditation. Maharsi offers his own interpretation of the passage: ‘To be seen’, or drasṭavahalone. ‘See who you are. If you look deeply into yourself you will find that you identify yourself with the ego that is really nonexistent’.

Keywords: Ramana Maharsi; Hinduism; path of knowledge; Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad; self-realization; audition; reflection; meditation

Chapter.  836 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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