Chapter

The Janata Experiment, 1977–9

Bidyut Chakrabarty

in FORGING POWER

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195676761
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081554 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676761.003.0003
The Janata Experiment, 1977–9

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This chapter examines the coalition experiment of the Janata Party in 1977 and evaluates its importance in the context of the regionalization of Indian politics. The Janata Party alliance exemplified a new political trend by suggesting an alternative to a single-party majority at the Centre. The Morarji Desai government was also illustrative of the regionalization of Indian politics in the sense that though they were ideologically national, the constituents of the Janata Party were region-based. Despite its short duration as a government, the Janata experiment is historically significant. Its formation was the culmination of the effort initiated by Ram Manohar Lohia to break the long one-party domination of Congress and forge a national alternative to it.

Keywords: Janata Party; coalition experiment; Morarji Desai government; regionalization; Indian politics; single-party majority; Ram Manohar Lohia

Chapter.  17210 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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