Chapter

Split Politics in South Asia<sup>1</sup>

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195678291
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080588 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0103
Split Politics in South Asia1

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Indira Gandhi has been accused of distorting and destroying democracy in India. Civil servants attribute the pronounced decline in the morale of the civil service to Gandhi's decision to split the Congress in 1969 and her bid for total power. Her stance undermined values and every single institution in the country, including the civil service, federalism, political morality, Parliament, and the Supreme Court. Gandhi's successor tried her brand of politics but Rajiv Gandhi was unsuccessful. Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan and Sheikh Hasina Wajed of Bangladesh both turned out to be proponents of the politics of confrontation. In the final analysis, democracy can be sustained only by the spirit of moderation. This moderation continues to vanish in India and is not much evident in the entire South Asia.

Keywords: democracy; Indira Gandhi; politics; moderation; India; Pakistan; Bangladesh; civil service; South Asia; federalism

Chapter.  2068 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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