Chapter

Election of Party Leaders: Two Political Cultures<sup>1</sup>

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195678291
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080588 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0104
Election of Party Leaders: Two Political Cultures1

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On 21 June 1995, P. V. Narasimha Rao, celebrated his four years in office as India's Prime Minister with much fanfare. The following day, his British counterpart, John Major, resigned as leader of the Conservative Party, presumably to silence his critics. Although both prime ministers run a parliamentary democracy, Rao marginalised, stifled, and eventually expelled his detractors. Political parties function democratically in Britain but not in India. Britain under Major demonstrated a political culture that was opposite of that in India under Rao. Rao promised to step down as president of Congress Party but refused to do so. In addition, he staged farcical organizational elections, appointed chief ministers, destroyed the Congress, and suppressed democracy in his party.

Keywords: P. V. Narasimha Rao; India; Britain; John Major; political culture; Conservative Party; democracy; elections; political parties; Congress Party

Chapter.  2398 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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