Chapter

Film Censorship: An Unconstitutional System<sup>1</sup>

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195678291
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080588 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0113
Film Censorship: An Unconstitutional System1

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This chapter looks at film censorship in India and discusses a report released on 26 July 1969 by the Enquiry Committee on Film Censorship. Headed by G. D. Khosla, a former Chief Justice of the High Court of Punjab, the committee was appointed on 28 March 1968. The Kholsa report argued that many provisions of the Cinematograph Act 1952, the Cinematograph (Censorship) Rules 1983, and the censorship guidelines adopted by the government in December 1991 were unconstitutional. The report also proposed the creation of a Board of Film Censors that is both independent and autonomous, two qualities lacking in the present board. Amendments were made to the Cinematograph Act 1952 in 1981 and 1984. Today, there is a Board of Film Certification led by a full-time executive chairman and comprised of 12-25 members. Advisory panels have also been established at regional centres to evaluate the effect of films on the public.

Keywords: film censorship; India; Khosla report; Enquiry Committee on Film Censorship; G. D. Khosla; Cinematograph Act 1952; Cinematograph (Censorship) Rules 1983; Board of Film Certification; advisory panels

Chapter.  4486 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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