Chapter

The Egalitarian Argument

Arvind Sharma

in Are Human Rights Western?

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195679489
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081714 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.003.0009
The Egalitarian Argument

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This chapter examines the egalitarian argument for the claim that human rights are Western. It could be argued that human rights are Western in the sense that they are egalitarian in nature and this egalitarianism is a characteristic of the West. However, it is also true that such egalitarianism has not always characterized the West. Both Greek society and thought were not egalitarian and the Roman institution of slavery, despite its laws, disqualifies it. And even though all souls are said to be equal in the sight of God, they are so not sociologically, only soteriologically. This chapter finds it fair to say that the sense of equality of human beings, as it developed in the West, has now been extended, at least in principle, to cover all human beings.

Keywords: egalitarianism; human rights; perpetuation of inequality; Western; equality

Chapter.  1687 words. 

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration

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