Chapter

Mughal-Afghan Interface

Raziuddin Aquil

in Sufism, Culture, and Politics

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780195685121
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685121.003.0003
Mughal-Afghan Interface

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This chapter notes that Sher Khan's competence as a military commander is praised by both contemporary and later authorities in superlative terms. His credentials as a capable leader came to the fore in his battles against the Bengalis and the Mughals whose armies were both numerically and technologically superior. The chapter examines in detail the battle of Chausa and Qannauj. The victories in these battles through his mind-boggling strategies and enervating tactics catapulted him to the badshahat of Hindustan. Conversely, he was shrewd enough to exploit the enemy's weakness to the hilt as in the battle against Humayun at Chausa. The two battles which he fought against Humayun sealed the fate of the first Mughal kingdom of Hindustan. Though the idiosyncracies of their ‘young’ ruler contributed in part to the failure of the Mughals, Sher Khan's brilliant qualities as a military commander with his thoroughly pragmatic approach to warfare too gave him a definite edge. The chapter also examines the massive mobilization and recruitment of anti-Mughal forces by Sher Khan who successfully led him to victory.

Keywords: Sher Khan; military commander; battle of Chausa; battle of Qannauj; badshahat; Humayun; warfare; mobilization; Bengalis; Mughals

Chapter.  13536 words. 

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