Chapter

Norms of Governance and Aspects of Administration

Raziuddin Aquil

in Sufism, Culture, and Politics

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780195685121
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685121.003.0004
Norms of Governance and Aspects of Administration

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This chapter notes that the Afghan rulers drew on the ideals and institutions of medieval Indo-Persian tradition of governance, which were evolved over centuries of interaction between the classical Islamic norms and the Persians norms. The ruler projected himself as the shadow of God on earth who was not expected to discriminate between Muslims and non-Muslims. The chapter subsequently discusses Balban, Bahlul Lodi, Sikandar Lodi followed by Sher Shah. Sher Shah's achievements in the field of politics and administration have been corroborated by Afghan as well as non-Afghan and Persian authorities. Sher Shah was the first ruler to establish a uniform system of government. He appointed provincial governors who enjoyed vast powers like collection of revenue and maintenance of law and order. Executive head of Sarkar was faujdar and that of paragana was a shiqdar. Attempts by Sher Shah witnessed a larger degree of diffusion of state authority at the local level. Thus in evolution of administrative institutions and ideals of governance, Afghan regime presented a notable stage.

Keywords: Afghan rulers; Indo-Persian governance; Balban; Bahlul Lodi; Sikandar Lodi; Sher Shah; provincial governors; faujdar; shiqdar

Chapter.  10733 words. 

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