Chapter

The Afghans and the Rajputs

Raziuddin Aquil

in Sufism, Culture, and Politics

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780195685121
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685121.003.0005
The Afghans and the Rajputs

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Persian sources from the Mughal period have created an image of Afghan rulers like Sikandar Lodi and Sher Shah as bigots. The acts of violence were however linked to rebellion in the region, or were a part of political subjugation. The chieftains who accepted the suzerainty of the Afghan kings and paid tributes were allowed to administer their territories. This chapter looks at the Rajputs who dared to offer resistance to Sher Shah. His policy towards Rajputs was primarily aimed at incorporating them in his imperial network. The Afghans continuously bombarded the besieged chieftains. For a change, artillery came to play an important role in Sher Shah’s campaigns. Recollecting the shocking affairs of Chausa and Qannauj, the Mughals however erroneously felt that artillery was the mainstay of Sher Shah’s army. Sher Shah made judicious use of elephants and destroying the Rajputs. Once the issue of badshahat of Hindustan was settled, the Rajputs, barring a few, did not delay acknowledging the suzerainty of the Sur emperor.

Keywords: Rajputs; Afghans; Sikandar Lodi; Sher Shah; artillery; Mughals; rebellion; political subjugation; suzerainty

Chapter.  11049 words. 

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