Chapter

Law and Community

Ashutosh Dayal Mathur

in Medieval Hindu Law

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780195685589
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081578 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685589.003.0005
Law and Community

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Human beings enter into a variety of relationships with one another giving rise to many forms of social organisation. The society as reflected in the dharma śāstra is built around the basic units of family, caste, and village. The rulers reserved to themselves the right to lay down the fundamental laws to govern, and determine the manner in which the groups were to carry out their functions. Texts under review discuss mainly the following subjects: (i) definition of sȧmvit or samaya; (ii) rights and obligations of members; (iii) rights and liabilities of new members; (iv) management of a group through a committee; (v) offences against the group; (vi) powers of the managers to punish the offenders; and (vii) invalid samayas i.e. those against dharma or express commands of the king.

Keywords: social organisation; dharma śāstra; caste; samaya; sȧmvit; fundamental law

Chapter.  3945 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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