Chapter

Ayodhya and the Politics of Religion

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780195685978
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082216 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0002
Ayodhya and the Politics of Religion

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This chapter is concerned with the position and response of the Congress and its governments to the aggravation of the Ayodhya dispute, which resulted in seriously weakening the party. An appreciation of its role in giving a fillip to majority and minority sentiment and then accommodation of this sentiment, which paved the way for the Sangh Parivar and its allies to accomplish their objective of demolishing the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, is essential for an understanding of the decline of the Congress. This chapter examines the way the Congress handled the Shah Bano controversy. It describes the position and response of the Congress to the enactment of the Muslim Women's (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act (MWA) of 1986. This chapter also discusses the loss of majority by the Congress under Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and the political entente with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Keywords: Congress; Ayodhya; Babri Masjid; Shah Bano; Muslim Women's Act; Rajiv Gandhi; political entente; Bharatiya Janata Party

Chapter.  15011 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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