Chapter

Ecology and Environment

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0005
Ecology and Environment

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In ancient times, humans lived on wild produce and hunting birds and animals. However, in the industrial age, the relation of humans with plants and animals has undergone a fundamental change, and now many living organisms are preserved through human efforts. The environment has a direct bearing on human efforts. One cannot think of human advance in ancient times without the exploitation of natural resources. The location and size of settlements were conditioned by environmental factors, with soil and climatic conditions which determine the selection of sites. Although rivers were preferred sites for settlement, people settled near lakes and tanks. Rainfall helped human society in pursuing agriculture and founding settlements, but heavy rains during the tropical monsoon deterred people from regular work. A background of ecology and environment may help the study of ancient India, and may be especially useful in the study of the prehistory.

Keywords: ecology; environment; hunting; human efforts; natural resources; settlements; rainfall; agriculture

Chapter.  1865 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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