Harappan Culture: Bronze Age Urbanization in the Indus Valley

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI:
Harappan Culture: Bronze Age Urbanization in the Indus Valley

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)


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The urban culture of the Bronze Age found in Harappa was a path-breaking discovery. No other Bronze Age civilization gave so much care to health and cleanliness as did the Harappan. The Indus people produced wheat, barley, rai, peas, and the like. The Indus people were the earliest people to produce cotton. The Harappans conducted considerable trade in stone, metal and shell, within the Indus culture zone. The male deity is represented on a seal. The people of the Indus region worshipped trees. Animals were also worshipped. The greatest artistic creations of the Harappan culture are seals. Sometimes Harappan culture is called Rig Vedic, but its principal features do not figure in the Rig Veda. Similarly, the de-urbanization of the Harappan city is not a simple transformation but meant the disappearance of towns, script, and burnt bricks.

Keywords: urban culture; Harappan culture; Bronze Age civilization; Indus; seals; trade; male deity; Harappan city; de-urbanization

Chapter.  7291 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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