Chapter

The Maurya Age

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0018
The Maurya Age

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The Maurya dynasty was founded by Chandragupta Maurya. He was succeeded by Bindusara. His son, Ashoka, is the greatest of the Maurya rulers. The history of Ashoka is restored on the basis of his inscriptions. Kalinga war was the only war he fought. He deserted the policy of physical occupation in favour of one of cultural conquest. It would also be wrong to think that the Kalinga war caused Ashoka to become an extreme pacifist. Ashoka was converted to Buddhism as a result of this war. He emphasized compassion towards animals and proper behaviour towards relatives. It is not true that Ashoka’s pacific policy destroyed the Maurya Empire. On the contrary, Ashoka has a number of achievements to his credit. It is most important to note that Ashoka is substantial in history for his policy of peace, nonaggression, and cultural conquest.

Keywords: Chandragupta Maurya; Ashoka; Maurya Empire; Kalinga war; Buddhism; Bindusara

Chapter.  3416 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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