Chapter

The Significance of Maurya Rule

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0019
The Significance of Maurya Rule

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Ashoka proclaimed dharma and appointed officials to infuse and impose its essentials throughout India. An assertion of royal absolutism was a natural culmination of the policy of military conquest adopted by the princes of Magadha. According to the Arthashastra of Kautilya, a striking social development of the Maurya period was the employment of slaves in agricultural operations. Kautilya appoints many taxes which were collected from peasants, artisans, and traders. The Mauryas made a remarkable contribution to art and architecture, and introduced stone masonry on a wide scale. The Maurya period saw a rapid growth of material culture in the Gangetic plains. The Brahmanical reaction, financial crisis, oppressive rule, new knowledge in the outlying areas, and the neglect of the North-West frontier and the Great Wall of China were the several causes that appear to have brought about the decline and fall of the Maurya Empire.

Keywords: Ashoka; Maurya period; Kautilya; material culture; Brahmanical reaction; finanicial crisis; North-West frontier

Chapter.  4220 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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