Chapter

Rise and Growth of the Gupta Empire

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0024
Rise and Growth of the Gupta Empire

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The Gupta Empire established control over a substantial part of the former dominions of the Kushans. The sharman, varman, gupta, and dasa are the different titles recommended for the different varnas. The first important king of the Gupta dynasty was Chandragupta I. He started the Gupta era in ad 319–20, which marked the date of his accession. This kingdom was also enlarged enormously by Samudragupta. The places and the countries conquered by him can be divided into five groups. Chandragupta II extended the limits of the empire by matrimonial alliance and conquest. It was also during his reign that the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hsien visited India and wrote an elaborate account of the life of its people. The successors of Chandragupta II had to face an invasion by the Hunas from Central Asia in the second half of ad fifth century. The Gupta Empire was further undermined by the rise of the feudatories.

Keywords: Gupta Empire; Samudragupta; Chandragupta I; matrimonial alliance; Chandragupta II; rise of the feudatories; Fa-hsien; Hunas invasion

Chapter.  2279 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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