Chapter

Developments in Philosophy

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0029
Developments in Philosophy

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa, and Vedanta are the six schools of philosophy. Samkhya philosophy states that the world owes its creation and evolution more to Nature or prakriti than to God. Practice of control over pleasure, the senses, and bodily organs is central to Yoga school. Nyaya believe that salvation can be obtained through the acquisition of knowledge. The Vaisheshika school put its faith in both heaven and salvation. The Mimamsa school strongly recommended the performance of Vedic sacrifices. The theory of karma came to be linked to Vedanta philosophy. Charvaka emphasized the value of intimate contact with the world, and established a lack of belief in the other world. By the fifth century ad, materialistic philosophy was dominated by the exponents of idealistic philosophy who constantly criticized it and recommended the performance of rituals and cultivation of spiritualism as a path to salvation.

Keywords: Samkhya; Yoga; Nyaya; Vaisheshika; Mimamsa; Vedanta; Charvaka; materialistic philosophy; idealistic philosophy; salvation

Chapter.  1729 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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