Legacy in Science and Civilization

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195687859
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080366 | DOI:
Legacy in Science and Civilization

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)


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Brahmanism or Hinduism was the dominant religion in early India and affected the development of art, literature, and society. India also gave rise to Jainism and Buddhism. Although Christianity came here in about the first century ad, it did not make much headway in ancient times. Religion had a special effect on the formation of social classes. The functions of priests, warriors, peasants, and labourers were defined in law and were supposed to have been set out by divine agencies. Crafts, commerce, and agriculture made great steps and supported numerous cities. India made an important contribution to science. Mathematics, astronomy, and medicine also developed separately. Indian craftsmen contributed much to the development of chemistry. Ancient Indians also made some contribution to the study of geography. The common people continued to suffer from loss of land. The Satavahanas started the practice of land grants with administrative rights in the second century.

Keywords: Brahmanism; Jainism; Buddhism; formation of social classes; science; mathematics; chemistry; geography; Satavahanas

Chapter.  3635 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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