When India became independent from British rule in 1947, it faced a major constitutional problem with respect to Manipur and other indirectly ruled ‘native states’. Indeed, the decision of the Kashmiri Maharaja to accede to India was responsible for the eruption of the Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan. Manipur’s merger with India is considered illegal and unconstitutional by a number of militias today. Like other states in the Indian Union, Manipur has an elected chief minister and an elected state legislature. However, it also has a de facto parallel structure of governance directly controlled from Delhi that manages counter-insurgency operations. Aside from Manipur, four other states of Northeast India today have militias of varying levels of activity and intensity. In an attempt to control this reality, the central government has been appointing retired generals as governors to monitor the dilution of civil political authority in the Northeast.
Keywords: Manipur; Northeast India; State within a State; Indian generals; Indian governors; Indian army; counter-insurgency; militias; conflict; constitutional propriety
Chapter. 8694 words.
Subjects: Indian Politics
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