The Indian State and ULFA

Sanjib Baruah

in Durable Disorder

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780195690828
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081769 | DOI:
The Indian State and ULFA

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In the late 1980s, Assam was rocked by an independentist militancy under the leadership of the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) that the Indian government eventually suppressed by the 1990s with the help of two counter-insurgency campaigns and a series of clever political moves. Despite accusations of human rights abuses in Assam during the army operations, Indian officials claimed that their strategy in Assam was successful. Members of the ULFA surrendered their weapons, and agreed to give up their armed struggle as well as their desire to achieve independence for Assam. The author discusses the founding of ULFA in 1979 when the ‘Assam movement’ was campaigning around the issue of immigration to Assam from present-day Bangladesh. This chapter assesses the results of the Indian government’s strategy in Assam, focusing on its use of coercion and some of the de facto and de jure bargaining between factions among the militants and the government.

Keywords: Assam; United Liberation Front of Assam; Bangladeshi immigration; Assam movement; coercion; bargaining; ULFA militants; human rights abuses in Assam

Chapter.  6441 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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