Religions on the Edge

Mushirul Hasan

in A Moral Reckoning

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780195691979
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081691 | DOI:
Religions on the Edge

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This chapter explores the response of Muslim intellectuals, preachers, and thinkers to Christian missionary activity during colonial role. The author shows how Sayyid Ahmad's pamphlets asked for an exchange of religious views between rulers and ruled, and how anti-missionary tracts became a thriving genre in Urdu writing. The author describes the life and views of C.F. Andrews and his desire to bring an ‘expanded humanism’ in Islam's attitude towards Christianity. The author believes that, since its advent, Muslims have been conscious of the religious diversity of the human race and considered it a problem. However, intellectuals like Sayyid Ahmad wanted more understanding between Islam and Christianity. The author describes how religious reconciliation came to dominate the thinking of others like Nazir Ahmad, Muhammad Zakaullah, Abdul Halim Sharar and Maulana Azad. It discusses how inter-faith dialogue and conflict resolution had the potential of being implemented at Dilli Kalij, the home of religious and cultural syncretism as well as the teaching of science.

Keywords: religious reconciliation; nineteenth century Delhi; Nazir Ahmad; Sayyid Ahmad; Muhammad Zakaullah; Charles Freer Andrews; Dilli Kalij; Maulana Azad; Inter-faith dialogue; conflict resolution

Chapter.  21492 words. 

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