Chapter

India

Baldev Raj Nayar

in The Geopolitics of Globalization

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693034
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081783 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693034.003.0011

Series: Oxford India Paperbacks

India

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World War II weakened the British Empire, eventually leading to its dissolution and the creation of India and Pakistan in 1947. The partition of the empire into two states was based on religion, with Pakistan founded as a homeland for the Muslims. Despite the Partition, however, ethnic heterogeneity (religious, caste, linguistic) remained rampant in both states which prevented the establishment of the developmental state. Nevertheless, India and Pakistan have tried to achieve economic development as an apparent ‘hegemonic project’, with indifferent, and at times tragic, results. This chapter discusses the link between subaltern geopolitics and economic policy in India, and examines the different orientations to globalization as well as India’s economic performance and policy change, its turn to economic liberalization, and economic liberalization in relation to national security.

Keywords: India; geopolitics; economic policy; economic liberalization; national security; Pakistan; British empire; globalization

Chapter.  8508 words. 

Subjects: Political Economy

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