Chapter

Adab and Political Morality The Story of Three Lives

Mushirul Hasan

in From Pluralism to Separatism

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693232
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081882 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693232.003.0005
  Adab and Political Morality The Story of Three Lives

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Adab refers to the manners and ‘professional’ etiquette that Muslims should follow. Used as a greeting, adab signifies a sense of complete respect and deference. In both Lucknow and Awadh, caste- and community-neutral categorizations remained the social identifiers. Three individuals—Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari—exemplified the family code of right conduct. Without being formal interpreters of the Sharia, all three were wrapped in the folds of the banner of tradition, religion, and traditional morality. They argued that religion helped shape man’s conduct and ideas, but also believed in the political ideal consistent with the spirit of Islam. As exponents of the ‘liberal-humanitarian ideology’, they evolved an inclusive concept of adab without confining and twisting its application to a single national community.

Keywords: adab; Muslims; Islam; respect; code of right conduct; Rafi Ahmed Kidwai; Hakim Ajmal Khan; Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari; morality; Awadh

Chapter.  18927 words. 

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