Chapter

Motilal the Moderate

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693430
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0005
Motilal the Moderate

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This chapter studies the Moderate leadership, specifically Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who was considered the ablest exponent of political moderation. Gokhale was also considered to be more than qualified to lead a constitutional agitation. It first shows how Gokhale expressed the different hopes, illusions, and sentiments of the first generation of Congressmen. It then examines the direct conflict between the Extremists and the Moderates, which was apparent at the Benares session in December 1905. Next, it looks at Motilal’s term as Chair of the first Provincial Conference of the United Provinces. This conference considered the need to supplement the efforts of the Indian National Congress with ‘small Congresses’, defined and defended the Moderates’ creed, and denounced the Extremists’ tactics and programme.

Keywords: Moderates; Gopal Krishna Gokhale; political moderation; constitutional agitation; Extremists; Benares session; Provincial Conference of the United Provinces; Indian National Congress

Chapter.  3231 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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