Chapter

Reforms on the Anvil

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693430
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0013
Reforms on the Anvil

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This chapter studies several reforms and schemes that were introduced in Indian politics in 1917. It studies the August declaration, which was drafted by Austen Chamberlain and was influenced by Lord Chelmsford and the Executive Council. It shows that Chamberlain also suggested a non-official committee composed of British Parliament members and a handful of prominent Indians. It then looks at the deputations sent by Congress and the Muslim League to the Secretary of State and the Viceroy. It examines the Congress-League scheme, which Motilal lobbied hard for, and the Montagu-Chelmsford Report. The discussion notes that the division of the Moderates and the Extremists was reflected both inside and outside the legislature, and that Motilal eventually separated from the Moderate party. The chapter also discusses the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress, which is noted for its lack of Moderate leaders. These missing leaders banded together and formed the National Liberal Federation.

Keywords: August declaration; non-official committee; Congress-League scheme; Montagu-Chelmsford Report; Bombay session; National Liberal Federation

Chapter.  4004 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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