Chapter

Amritsar

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693430
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0015
Amritsar

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This chapter examines the crisis that occurred in Amritsar during the late 1910s. It begins by discussing Gandhi’s movement—or the day of hartal—against the passing of the Rowlatt Bills. It shows that despite a second round of appeals, Gandhi was ignored and the hartal and demonstrations continued. The British retaliated with the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where General Dyer and his men fired at the congregation that had gathered there. It studies the concept of the ‘mutiny complex’ and the impact of the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy on the Indian population and Indo-British relations. The chapter also looks at the Amritsar Congress, where Motilal delivered a presidential speech on the various tragedies that occurred and questioned the reaction of the British.

Keywords: hartal; Jallianwala Bagh massacre; mutiny complex; General Dyer; Indo-British relations; Amritsar Congress; Rowlatt Bills

Chapter.  4191 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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