Chapter

Low Tide

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693430
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0018
Low Tide

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This chapter explains why Gandhi retracted his efforts for his fight against foreign rule. Motilal and Jawaharlal heard the news of Gandhi’s retreat while they were lodged in Lucknow’s district gaol. It first identifies the Chauri Chaura tragedy as the sign that India was not ready for a mass movement. Soon after the tragedy, Gandhi stopped the ‘aggressive’ portion of the non-co-operation campaign and hid the plans for civil disobedience in Bardoli. Instead, Gandhi focused on a ‘programme’ on communal unity, hand-spinning, and the removal of untouchability, among others. It shows that once Gandhi was placed in Gaol, Motilal proved to be one of the most significant influences in changing the course of the non-co-operation programme.

Keywords: Chauri Chaura tragedy; mass movement; non-co-operation campaign; civil disobedience; Bardoli; communal unity; untouchability

Chapter.  3742 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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