Chapter

Rising Tempo

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195693430
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0026
Rising Tempo

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This chapter studies the events in 1928 that led to a conflict between Motilal Nehru and Jawaharlal Nehru. It starts by looking at Birkenhead’s appointment as the Conservative Secretary of State for India, which coincided with the changes in Indian politics. It examines Birkenhead’s decision to appoint a purely parliamentary commission. This was viewed by the Indians as an inquiry by the foreigners to determine their country’s capacity for self-government. It then introduces the Simon Commission, which united the various parties and politicians in India, and the Nehru Report. The following section discusses the Madras Congress and the protection of Muslim interests through the inclusion of ‘safeguards’ or special provisions. Finally, the chapter studies the common formula of the Declaration of Fundamental Rights and the All Indian Convention in Calcutta, where the communal issue was addressed.

Keywords: Birkenhead; parliamentary commission; capacity for self-government; Simon Commission; Nehru Report; Madras Congress; protection of Muslim interests; Declaration of Fundamental Rights; All Indian Convention

Chapter.  4227 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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