Chapter

The Vedic World View

Balmiki Prasad Singh

in Bahudhā and the Post 9/11 World

Published in print March 2008 | ISBN: 9780195693553
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080328 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693553.003.0003
The Vedic World View

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The longing for conflict-free and harmonious living is both an ancient and a continuing human aspiration. Multiplicity of tribes and beliefs has been a special feature of the Indian society since early times. The earliest known Indian civilization, the Indus Valley Civilization, was already quite advanced by about 2500 BC. It decayed in the middle of the second millennium BC, perhaps because of invasion by people who described themselves as Aryans. The most ancient works of the Vedic period are the four Vedas — Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. Each Veda contains four sections consisting of Samhita or collection of hymns, prayers, benedictions, sacrificial formulae and litanies; Brahmanas or prose treatises discussing the significance of sacrificial rites and ceremonies; Aranyakas or forest texts, which are partly included in the Brahmanas and partly considered as independent; and Upanishads.

Keywords: Indus Valley Civilization; Aryan; Samhita; Aranyakas; Vedas; Brahmanas; Upanishads

Chapter.  15097 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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