Chapter

Twentieth-Century Projections of the Past

Vasudha Dalmia

in Poetics, Plays, and Performances

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780195695052
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080335 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195695052.003.0003
Twentieth-Century Projections of the Past

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This chapter focuses on Jayshankar Prasad of Banaras who led the Hindi literary drama into its maturation and sophistication. Prasad was largely known as a short story writer and a dramatist but his enduring reputation was to be found in poetry. He came to occupy a position in the forefront of Chhayavad, the new romantic movement in modern Hindi poetry. In this chapter, the concepts which underpinned Prasad’s understanding of Chhayavad poetry are discussed briefly as they are instrumental in understanding the poetic and historical sensibilities prevalent in Prasad’s drama. His aesthetics of the Hindi theatre are examined together with his assessment of the modern Hindi drama and the evolution of the stage since Bharatendu Harishchandra. The chapter concludes with a discussion on Prasad’s most compact and mature drama, the Dhruvasvamini in order to evaluate the dramaturgical principles he developed.

Keywords: Jayshankar Prasad; Hindi literary drama; modern Hindi poetry; Chhayavad poetry; Hindi theatre; modern Hindi drama; Bharatendu Harishchandra; Dhruvasvamini; dramaturgical principles

Chapter.  11155 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Studies (Plays and Playwrights)

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