Chapter

Introduction

G. H. Peiris

in Twilight of the Tigers

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780195699456
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080229 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195699456.003.0001
Introduction

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In December 2001, a ceasefire was initiated to put an end to the brutal war that has been going on for years between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE/Tigers) and the security forces of the government of Sri Lanka. The ceasefire was pursued in order to finally settle the ethnic conflict between the Sinhalese and the Sri Lankan Tamils. A campaign aimed at establishing an independent Tamil nation state—Tamil Eelam—over a part of the island of Sri Lanka commenced in the mid-1970s with the formation of the Tamil United Liberation Front within the political mainstreams. Soon assuming the form of a secessionist insurrection marked by guerrilla warfare and terrorism, the campaign had, by the early 1990s, become one of the most brutal intra-state conflicts in the world. The role performed by Norway as facilitator of Sri Lanka's peace effort was only the tip of the iceberg of foreign involvement in the country's conflict.

Keywords: Sri Lanka; peace; ethnic conflict; Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam; ceasefire; guerrilla warfare; terrorism; Norway; insurrection

Chapter.  10648 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Indian Politics

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