Chapter

Jawaharlal Nehru, The Socialist Leader

Halidé Edib

in Inside India

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780195699999
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195699999.003.0024
Jawaharlal Nehru, The Socialist Leader

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In India, socialism is a tendency even among the communalists of the most orthodox type. Jawaharlal Nehru differs from them in the sense that the socialism he has in mind is an exportation, and he unifies all problems in India as being common to all Indians. Nehru naturally comes into conflict mostly with Hindu communalists, who are the most organized in India. He considers his nationalism, which exists side by side with his socialism, merely as an expediency to get rid of foreign rule. He aims to change India from within by arguing that communalism and capitalism must go and calling for a complete nationalization. Whereas Mahatma Gandhi is the continuation of the nineteenth-century Hindu reform movements, and played a key role in resurrecting more humane and spiritual principles of old Hinduism applied to life, Jawaharlal Nehru, at least in ideology, completes the break with the Hindu past.

Keywords: Jawaharlal Nehru; socialism; nationalism; Mahatma Gandhi; communalism; capitalism; Hinduism

Chapter.  2238 words. 

Subjects: Literature

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