Chapter

Islam in the Melting-pot

Halidé Edib

in Inside India

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780195699999
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195699999.003.0025
Islam in the Melting-pot

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Islam is a religion consisting of a threefold code of life: individual, social, and political. First is a belief in One God, in His Messengers (the prophets) and in the inspired Books. Mohammed is the last messenger and monotheism is the alpha and omega of the Islamic creed. Second is an emphasis on two interrelated aspects of life: the relation of man to man, and social justice. The third concerns the khalif, who was elected by popular vote (Ijami-Ummet) just as the Americans elect their president. The second period in Islam began with Muaviye, the founder of the Emeviye dynasty. Dr M.A. Ansari, the last of the great Muslim leaders of 1920, believed that nationalism or narrow religion was incompatible with the sort of democracy he dreamed for India.

Keywords: Islam; Mohammed; monotheism; social justice; khalif; Muaviye; M.A. Ansari; nationalism; democracy

Chapter.  4996 words. 

Subjects: Literature

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