Chapter

Single Nationhood and Abdul-Gaffar Khan

Halidé Edib

in Inside India

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780195699999
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195699999.003.0026
Single Nationhood and Abdul-Gaffar Khan

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Dr M.A. Ansari was a known advocate of single nationhood for India, but he was by no means the only representative of this ideal among the Muslims. The idea of a single nationhood for India had spread to the Frontier Provinces, with Abdul-Gaffar Khan leading the campaign. His movement, erroneously called the ‘Red Shirts’, was also a politico-religious one. Compared with other movements, the Red Shirts aimed at independence and unity of all India and advocated non-violence. One personality that influenced Abdul-Gaffar Khan's career was his father, Bahram Khan. Abdul-Gaffar Khan later joined the Khilafat movement. While he was in Punjab jail, he formed friendships with Hindus and Sikhs and studied the Hindu scriptures, especially the Gita, and the Granth Saheb. Another trend in Muslim India during the time of Abdul-Gaffar Khan was the so-called Muslim communalism.

Keywords: Abdul-Gaffar Khan; single nationhood; Frontier Provinces; Red Shirts; Bahram Khan; Khilafat movement; independence; non-violence; Muslim communalism

Chapter.  6650 words. 

Subjects: Literature

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