The Contiguous Zone

O.P. Sharma

in The International Law of the Sea

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780198060000
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081981 | DOI:
The Contiguous Zone

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This chapter presents a discussion on the contiguous zone i.e. the waters contiguous to and beyond the territorial sea in which States have limited powers for the enforcement of customs, fiscal, sanitary, and immigration laws. Although the Hague Codification Conference ended in failure, the contiguous zone was not eliminated, but began to be more and more a component of international practice. India has supported a twelve-mile (i.e. 24 nautical miles from the baseline of a coastal state) contiguous zone, though it did not make any formal proposal to that effect in the 1958 Geneva Conference on the Law of the Sea. The chapter concludes by discussing contiguous zones and the Right of Hot Pursuit and other issues of general security. The creation of contiguous zones in the interests of security is also discussed.

Keywords: contiguous zone; Hague Codification Conference; territorial sea; Baselines; Indian maritime interests; Geneva Conference on the Law of the Sea; Right of Hot Pursuit; International Law Commission

Chapter.  10692 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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