Court and State

Samira Sheikh

in Forging a Region

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780198060192
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080137 | DOI:

Series: SOAS Studies on South Asia

Court and State

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By the early fifteenth century, the Gujarat sultanate was becoming more prosperous, as reflected by its expansion and increasing power. The state's prosperity could be attributed to the prevalence of trade, but there was a continuing tension between mobility and settlement. The early sultans ruled a loose but functional system of alliances, a system that they were able to enforce in the fifteenth century because of the availability of military resources (swords, boats, elephants, horses, and other weaponry) combined with their financial ability to recruit and employ men. They used revenues from trade to become among the most munificent employers of manpower in all of South Asia. This chapter examines army and military control in Gujarat from around 1390 to 1511, together with political Hinduism, revenue and administration, alliance, marriage, legitimation, language and literature, and the structure and legitimacy of the sultanate.

Keywords: Gujarat sultanate; trade; sultans; military resources; army; alliances; marriage; revenues; administration; Hinduism

Chapter.  16419 words. 

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