Chapter

Introduction

Francesca Orsini

in The Hindi Public Sphere 1920–1940

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780198062202
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198062202.003.0001
Introduction

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Between 1920 and 1940, Hindi emerged as the national language of India. Among Hindi intellectuals, the terms rāṣṭra and jāti were used to refer to ‘nation’ in a political sense and to indicate a common cultural identity, respectively. This book examines the Hindi public sphere during the period from the rise of nationalism led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919–1920, to the institutionalization of the Congress party in the 1920s and 1930s, and finally to its consolidation as a ruling party with the provincial Congress governments of 1937–1939. The two decades between 1920 and 1940 are known as the ‘golden age’ of modern Hindi literature and a period characterized by extraordinary literary creativity in all fields, including poetry and fiction. In addition to Hindi language and the literary sphere, this book discusses women and the Hindi public sphere, as well as the Hindi political sphere with peasants as subjects.

Keywords: Hindi; rāṣṭra; jāti; nationalism; Mahatma Gandhi; modern Hindi literature; literary sphere; India; political sphere; women; peasants

Chapter.  6910 words. 

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